Em dash in legal writing and research

Becoming an experienced researcher and writer in any field or discipline takes a great deal of practice. Identifying an Audience- This section will help the student understand the often times confusing topic of audience by offering some basic guidelines for the process.

However, I do not like tangerines.

Hyphens, En Dashes, Em Dashes

Besides doing their own work in a sentence, em dashes can substitute for commas, parentheses, and even colons to mark a variety of interruptions.

Other modes of entering an em dash are: Mom needs four things at the store: The house rule is simple: In many cases, omitting the serial comma is ambiguous.

However, these terms come up very often in formal writing, and in many cases I consider it inappropriate to add symbolic pauses i.

The job gets done; but the result is hardly refined. The em dash has several uses. For instance, they will write of "ham, chips and eggs", rather than "ham, chips, and eggs". But lawyers who consciously avoid using the em dash forsake an important legal-writing tool.

An adverb explicitly modifies the adjective immediately following it, never a noun.

How to Use Em Dashes

Consider the following sentences: Besides the semicolon, though, lawyers probably misunderstand—and as a result misuse—the em dash more than any other punctuation mark. The following table lists some of the special characters and the corresponding codes that you can use in the Find what or Replace with text box.

The special characters are listed on the Special Characters tab of the Symbol dialog box. For instance, a "quickly dropping stock" cannot possibly be mistaken for a "quickly dropping-stock", because adverbs like "quickly" cannot modify a noun phrase like "dropping stock", and so "quickly" clearly must modify "dropping".

And in fact en dashes specify any kind of range, which is why they properly appear in indexes when a range of pages is cited e. I say it needs to be used when it is a noun as well, such as: There is no need to mention explicitly reading the paper A lot of students use phrases like "while reading this paper, I.

a dash that is one em wide Love words? You must — there are overwords in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary.

The Chicago Guide to Grammar, Usage, and Punctuation

Punctuation marks are essential when you are writing. They show the reader where sentences start and finish and if they are used properly they make your writing easy to understand.

Don’t Miss These Marks in Your Legal Writing

They show the reader where sentences start and finish and if they are used properly they make your writing. When expressing a range of times use from to introduce the range and an en dash between the times, with no spaces separating the characters from the en dash.

If both times are a.m. or p.m., include a.m. or p.m. only with the later time: The concert lasts from 9 a.m.-noon. Dashes and hyphens NOTE: dashes should be used sparingly in formal writing. Do not use dashes when commas would do the work for you. Do not use dashes when commas would do the work for you.

• When you’re setting off a phrase in a sentence—you can use the longer dash to emphasize the words that follow in a more informal manner. However, the minus sign (hexadecimal Unicode ), which is nearly identical to an en dash, and the horizontal bar (hexadecimal Unicode ), which is nearly identical to an em dash, are nonbreaking characters and can serve as a nonbreaking en dash and a nonbreaking em dash.

An em dash, or long dash, is used: in pairs, to mark off information or ideas that are not essential to an understanding of the rest of the sentence: Thousands of children—like the girl in this photograph—have been left homeless.

Em dash in legal writing and research
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